Understanding  Heat   Heat energy or “heat”, is transferred in 3 different ways: Conduction: the process by which heat or electricity is directly transmitted through a substance when there is a difference of temperature or of electrical potential between adjoining regions, without movement of the material. Different materials conduct heat at different rates – metals…

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Water vapor is lighter than air. A molecule of H2O (water) has an atomic weight of 18. [2 hydrogen atoms @ 1 ] =2  [one oxygen @ 16]  2+16 =18. Air is composed of approximately 78% N2 nitrogen [2 bonded atoms of nitrogen @14] = 28 and 21% O2 oxygen [two 2 bonded atoms of…

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    Hi All, I got an E-mail from a past client (2015) about a crack in the ceiling, asking if it could be structural. Generally wall cracks are not a sign of structural issues (though a structural issue may very well start the cracking) but of movement in the wood. Wood expands and contracts…

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TRAPS   Have you noticed any foul odors in your basement that you just can’t get to the bottom of?  It might be sewer gases coming in to your home.  Every plumbing fixture needs to be equipped with a trap, which is basically a dip in a pipe that water fills up.  This water sitting…

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